United States Government The Constitution of the United States is the central instrument of American government and the supreme law of the land. For years it has guided the evolution of governmental institutions and has provided the basis for political stability, individual freedom, economic growth, and social progress. The American Constitution is the world's oldest written constitution in force, one that has served as the model for a number of other constitutions around the world. The Constitution owes its staying power to its simplicity and flexibility.
|Federal Reserve Banks||Signing the ConstitutionSeptember 17, On the appointed day, May 14,only the Virginia and Pennsylvania delegations were present, and so the convention's opening meeting was postponed for lack of a quorum. Eventually twelve states were represented; 74 delegates were named, 55 attended and 39 signed.|
|Establishment Clause||Since American Indians are now taxed, they are counted for purposes of apportionment.|
|Interpretation of Article I||So help me God.|
Introduction[ edit ] The United States Constitution divides government into three separate and distinct branches: The concept of separate branches with distinct powers is known as "separation of powers.
The Englishman John Locke first pioneered the idea, but he only suggested a separation between the executive and legislative.
Each branch is theoretically equal to each of the others. The branches check each others powers and use a system known as checks and balances.
Thus, no branch can gain too much power and influence, thus reducing the opportunity for tyrannical government. The Preamble to the American Constitution sets out these aims in the general statement: Its main function is to make laws. It also oversees the execution of these laws, and checks various executive and judicial powers.
The Congress is bicameral - it is composed of two houses.
One house is the House of Representatives and the other is the Senate. The House of Representatives is currently composed of four hundred and thirty-five members. Each of the fifty states is allocated one or more representatives based on its population which is calculated on a decennial basis once in ten years.
Each state is guaranteed at least one representative. A state that is allocated more than one representative divides itself, as state procedures dictate, into a number of districts equal to the number of representatives to which it is entitled.
The people of each district vote to elect one representative to Congress States that have only one representative allocated choose at-large representatives - the state votes as one entire district. The District of Columbia and a number of U.
These delegates may participate in debates, and sit and vote in committee, but are not allowed to vote in the full House. Every House member faces re-election in an even-numbered year and is elected to a two-year term.
The House is presided over by a Speaker, who is directly elected by the members of the House. The Senate is the upper house of the legislative branch of the United States and possesses one hundred members which is considerably less than the four hundred and thirty-five members of the House of Representatives.
Each state chooses two senators, regardless of that state's population. The Constitution originally dictated that a state's senators were to be chosen by the state's legislature; after the Seventeenth Amendment was ratified insenators were elected directly by the state's population.
In contrast to the House's two-year terms, Senators are elected to a six-year stint in office.The United States Government is divided into three parts, or branches: the legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch.
Each branch has a . Branches of Government (Government in Action!) [John Hamilton] on rutadeltambor.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Explains what a government is, lists three different types of government, and describes the major parts of the American democracy. The Federal Reserve Board of Governors in Washington DC.
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. The Federal Reserve, the central bank of the United States, provides the nation with a safe, flexible, and stable monetary and financial system.
SECTION. 1. All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives. As the central bank of the United States, the Federal Reserve System conducts the nation's monetary policy and helps to maintain a stable financial system.
Powers not granted to the federal government are reserved for states and the people, which are divided between state and local governments. Most Americans have more daily contact with their state.