Popular conceptualizations of race are derived from 19th and early 20th century scientific formulations.
Part 1 The Social Construction of Race Race is defined as a category or group of people having hereditary traits that set them apart. Sociologists and other social scientists believe that race is a socially constructed concept.
It is an idea that was created in society to justify inequality. Race is a modern concept. In ancient times, people were more likely to be divided according to religion, language, lineage, and nationality.
In ancient Greece, for instance, people were divided by language and culture rather than physical differences. Africans, who may have looked different physically, were accepted into their society as long as they adopted the customs and language of Greek culture.
So where exactly does the idea of race originate? The racial categories used at this time were: Throughout the centuries to follow, the concept of race was used as a means of justifying superiority and colonization. Geneticists point out that race is not a valid concept.
What makes us appear physically different is determined by one-tenth of one percent of our genetic make-up!! Even these differences can be arbitrary or unclearly defined.
While it is true that some people have different skin color, geneticists point out that the physical traits used to classify people into different races skin color, eye color, hair texture, facial features are more varied within a race than between races.
In other words, if you were to look at a group of people who are considered Caucasian, you would find more physical differences within that group than you would between a group of Caucasians and a group of African Americans.
Also, using skin color as a means of classification can be confusing. Some Caucasians, for instance, have darker skin than people who are considered African American. Some Hispanics, who consider themselves white, have skin color that is darker than African Americans.
Usually, we consider ancestry as a means of classification. However, as researchers have pointed out, this can be inaccurate as well. Throughout the centuries, humans have been interbreeding for so many years that it is virtually impossible for a pure race to exist.
Considering this, most sociologists point out that race is something we have made up. People may look different from one another, but that has more to do with geography than it does biology. Typically, people from warmer climates have darker skin because they have a higher concentration of the pigment known as melanin.
This pigment helps protect the body by absorbing ultraviolet radiation. It acts as a shield which protects the body from getting skin cancer or melanoma. This is why people with lighter skin color are at a greater risk of developing skin cancer. Skin Color Adaptation So if race is a social construction, where did it originate?
The idea of race in the United States has changed somewhat over time. It stated that if a person had one drop of African blood in their ancestry, they were African American. This rule was only applied to people with African ancestry and indicates the deep roots of racism in American history.A race is a biological construct, of a more or less distinct population with anatomical traits that distinguish it clearly from other races.
The anatomical traits usually refer to the color of the. rutadeltambor.comn the assertion made in the text that race is socially constructed. That is, explain what biological traits may be used in defining race, but also explain why race is a creation of society.
Provide examples to illustrate your argument%(3). Nor is there a “natural” explanation for why race relations are often difficult, but there are lots of interesting social, political, psychological, and historical ones.
Go find out what they. Start studying Evolution, Genetics, Human Biological Variation & Race. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
-This is why it's important to critically analyze the biological traits used in defining race -So race has REAL effects on society. - some "racial" traits reflect evolutionary adaptations to different environments.
major challenge to notion that biological race is a meaningful scientific category. Carleton S. Coon. final attempt (in anthropology) to identify discrete races and theorize about racial superiority Race and ethnicity have always been cultural.
AAPA Statement on Biological Aspects of Race. Published in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. , pp , PREAMBLE As scientists who study human evolution and variation, we believe that we have an obligation to share with other scientists and the general public our current understanding of the structure of human .