How many goodly creatures are there here! How beauteous mankind is! He was a contributor to Vanity Fair and Vogue magazines, and had published a collection of his poetry The Burning Wheel, and four successful satirical novels: Huxley said that Brave New World was inspired by the utopian novels of H.
Chapter 2 The Director leads the group of students to the Nurseries. Some nurses present the babies with books and flowers. As the babies crawl toward the books and the flowers, cooing with pleasure, alarms ring shrilly.
Then, the babies suffer a mild electric shock. Afterward, when the nurses offer the flowers and books to the babies, they shrink away and wail with terror.
The Director explains that after repetitions of the same process, the children will have an instinctive hatred of books and flowers. The motivation for instilling a hatred for flowers is more complicated.
The Director explains that Gammas, Deltas, and Epsilons were once conditioned to like flowers and nature in general. But since nature is free, they consumed nothing other than transportation.
In order to increase the consumption of goods, The World State decided to abolish the love of nature while preserving the desire to use transportation. The lower castes are now conditioned to hate the countryside but to love country sports.
All country sports in the World State require the use of elaborate apparatus.
As a result, the lower castes now pay for both transportation and manufactured goods when they travel to the country for sporting events. The Director begins to tell a story about a child named Reuben who has Polish-speaking parents. The students blush at the mere mention of the word parent.
References to sexual reproduction, including words like mother and father, are now considered pornographic. In the World State, people only use such words in clinical discussions.
The Director continues with his story. The child woke up reciting a broadcast of a George Bernard Shaw speech verbatim. The parents did not understand English, so they thought something was wrong. Their doctor understood English and notified the medical press of the event. The Director informs the students that the discovery of hypnopaedia came only twenty-three years after the first Ford Model T was sold.
He makes the sign of the T on his stomach as an observant Catholic might make the sign of the cross and the students follow suit. He explains that researchers of hypnopaedia soon discovered that it was useless for intellectual training.
Reuben could repeat the speech word for word, but had no idea what it meant. The place where hypnopaedia can be used, however, is moral training.
The Director leads the tour to a dormitory where some Beta children are sleeping. The Nurse informs them that the Elementary Sex lesson is over and the Elementary Class Consciousness lesson has just begun. A recorded voice whispers to each sleeping child.
It states that Alpha children have to work harder than the other classes and it disparages the lower intelligence and inferiority of the lower castes. The voice teaches pride and happiness in the Beta caste: Betas do not have to work as hard as the cleverer Alphas, it explains, but they are still smarter than the Gammas, Deltas, and Epsilons.
The Director explains that the lesson will be repeated one hundred and twenty times, three times a week, for thirty months.
Hypnopaedia instills the fine distinctions and prejudices for which electric shocks and alarms are too crude.Conditioning is a process that takes place within the society of Aldous Huxley's dystopian novel, Brave New World.
We saw that many of these instances of conditioning were caste-based, designed to. In Brave New World it is a method applied to condition children; it is a non-violent form of manipulation, opposite to behaviourism.
Hypnopaedia consists in repeating series of catchy phrases or slogans while the child is sleeping; this way, the message gets into his brain.
The Brave New World character Mustapha Mond, Resident World Controller of Western Europe, is named after Sir Alfred Mond.
Shortly before writing the novel, Huxley visited Mond's technologically advanced plant near Billingham, north east England, and it made a great impression on him. The Director is a little bit of a plot device, which is why there isn't too much to say about him. In the first few chapters, he's a great excuse for Huxley to talk all about the World State and basically ease us, as readers, into the world he's created.
The Director's lecture to his students. The Effects of Conditioning Huxley begins his book where George Orwell left off in his In Orwell's novel, the government (Big Brother) was still in the process of controlling the minds of the citizenry. In Brave New World, the World State has already accomplished this goal, and is now in the process of maintaining its control.
Conditioning is a process that takes place within the society of Aldous Huxley's dystopian novel, Brave New World. We saw that many of these instances of conditioning were caste-based, designed to.