His father, also named John, was a legal clerk and served with the Parliamentary forces in the English Civil War. His family was well-to-do, but not of particularly high social or economic standing. Locke spent his childhood in the West Country and as a teenager was sent to Westminster School in London.
It does Government s role essay mean to stand by the President or any other public official save exactly to the degree in which he himself stands by the country. It is patriotic to support him in so far as he efficiently serves the country. It is unpatriotic not to oppose him to the exact extent that by inefficiency or otherwise he fails in his duty to stand by the country.
In either event, it is unpatriotic not to tell the truth—whether about the President or about any one else—save in the rare cases where this would make known to the enemy information of military value which would otherwise be unknown to him.
Sedition, in the legal sense, means to betray the government, to give aid and comfort to the enemy, or to counsel resistance to the laws or to measures of government having the force. There can be conduct morally as bad as legal sedition which yet may not be violation of law.
The President—any President—can by speech Government s role essay action by advocating an improper peace. One form of servility consists in a slavish attitude—of the kind, incompatible with self-respecting manliness—toward any person who is powerful by reason of his office or position.
A distinguished Federal judge recently wrote me as follows: Any one who did not join that chorus was liable to imprisonment for treason or sedition.
Since Marshall tried Burr for treason it has been clear that that crime cannot be committed by words, unless one acts as a spy, or gives advice to the enemy of military or naval operations. It cannot be committed by statements reflecting upon officers or measures of government. Any one who directly advises or counsels resistance to measures of government is guilty of sedition.
That is not sedition. It is within the protection of the first amendment. The electorate cannot be qualified to perform its duty in removing incompetent officers and securing the repeal of unwise laws unless those questions may be freely discussed. The Republic is founded upon the faith that if the American people are permitted freely to hear foolish and wise speech, a majority will choose the wise.
If that faith is not justified the Republic is based on sand. John Milton said it all in his defense of freedom of the press: Who ever knew truth to be beaten in a fair fight? The following extracts from his speeches, during war-time, about the then President ought to be illuminating to those persons who do not understand that one of the highest and most patriotic duties to be performed in his country at this time is to tell the truth whenever it becomes necessary in order to force our government to speed up the war.
It would, for example, be our highest duty to tell it if at any time we became convinced that only thereby could we shame our leaders out of hypocrisy and prevent the betrayal of human rights by peace talk of the kind which bewilders and deceives plain people.
In a speech on January 12,Lincoln justified himself for voting in favor of a resolution censuring the President for his action prior to and during the war which was still going on. Let him answer with facts and not with arguments. Let him remember that he sits where Washington sat, and so remembering, let him answer as Washington would answer.
He is a bewildered, confounded, and miserably perplexed man. God grant he may be able to show there is not something about his conscience more painful than all his mental perplexity. The general verdict of history has justified him. The coal is clearly worth more than the abstractions, and yet what a monstrous inequality in the price!
To you the President and the country seem to be all one. We see the distinction clearly enough. We hold that our loyalty is due solely to the American Republic, and to all our public servants exactly in proportion as they efficiently and faithfully serve the Republic.
No self-respecting and intelligent freeman can take such an attitude. Senate and try him for treason, which backfired, and returned LaFollette to the U. The government has achieved far less in this direction than has been achieved by a few of our newspapers and by various private individuals.
From this position we will not be driven by any abuse of power or by any effort to make us not the loyal servants of the American people, but the cringing tools of a man who at the moment has power. But the Administration has taken no action against the Hear[s]t papers.
The Metropolitan Magazine has supported the war, has championed every measure to speed up the war and to make our strength effective, and has stood against every proposal for a peace without victory.
But the Administration acts against the magazine that in straightforward American fashion has championed the war. Such discrimination is not compatible with either honesty or patriotism.
It means that the Administration is using the great power of the government to punish honest criticism of its shortcomings, while it accepts support of and apology for these shortcomings as an offset to action against the war and, therefore, against the nation.Two Treatises of Government (or Two Treatises of Government: In the Former, The False Principles, and Foundation of Sir Robert Filmer, and His Followers, Are Detected and rutadeltambor.com Latter Is an Essay Concerning The True Original, Extent, and End of Civil Government) is a work of political philosophy published anonymously in by John Locke.
A handy user's guide for those who want to jump into the debate. THE WORKS OF THEODORE ROOSEVELTNATIONAL EDITION VOLUME XIX The Foes of Our Own Household The Great Adventure.
Letters to His Children By Theodore Roosevelt New York Charles Scribner’s Sons In his essay “Civil Disobedience," Henry David Thoreau opens by saying, “I heartily accept the motto, ‘That government is best which governs least’" (), and then clarifies that his true belief is “‘That government is best which governs not at all’" ().
CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS FOUNDATION Bill of Rights in Action Spring () Developments in Democracy. BRIA Home | How Women Won the Right to Vote | Have Women Achieved Equality? | Hobbes, Locke, Montesquieu, and Rousseau on Government.
Hobbes, Locke, Montesquieu, and Rousseau on Government. Government's Role Essay. Recent events have merely confirmed what economists have known for some time, namely, that the interconnectedness of global economic activity renders macro- management by single governments redundant - Government's Role Essay introduction.
Their function is now to regulate markets to ensure economically efficient solutions.