Procedure Upon arriving to Yale University and being met by the experimenter who was wearing a grey lab coat. The subjects were told that they would be participating into a study of learning and memory. This was in fact a lie, the study was looking into obedience When the participants were escorted inside by the experimenter they met another person, who they were told was another participant.
Milgram, the researcher, was influenced by the horrific conditions and events that occurred in Nazi concentration camps. The inhumane practices of Hitler and the Nazis resulted in the systematic murder of millions of people.
But why did those soldiers obey the orders to kill? Adolf Eichmann, one of the main figures of the Holocaust, said the following when he was on trial for his part in the massacres: It was not my wish to slay people… Once again I would stress that I am guilty of having been obedient… At that time obedience was demanded, just as in the future it will also be demanded of the subordinate.
Some historians believed that German people were naturally more obedient, regardless of what they are asked to do. Milgram originally set out to test this hypothesis. He said that anybody who was put into the same situation as those Germans would have behaved in the same way; they would have obeyed authority.
This experiment was actually his pilot study. The final sample consisted of 40 males aged 20 to 50 years old, all from New Haven and surrounding areas.
The participants had different occupations, such as high school teachers and engineers. Procedure The participants, when they arrived at the psychology laboratory, were given an introduction on the relationship between punishment and learning.
The victim was an actor who was 47 years old and came across as likeable. They were then given further information, including: So in this study we are bringing together a number of adults of different occupations and ages.
We want to find out just what effect different people have on each other as teachers and learners, and also what effect punishment will have on learning in this situation.
Does either of you have a preference? The participant then took a slip from a hat to decide his role. The learner was told while the teacher was in earshot!
All these tricks basically made the experiment seem much more real to the participant. The participant was then seated in an adjacent room and asked to read word pairs to the learner.
The learner had to memorise the pairs. The teacher then tested the learner by giving him one of the words in a pair with four other words.
The learner had to choose the word that was previously paired with the first word. If his answer was correct, the next word on the list was read. If it was incorrect, the teacher had to state the correct answer and administer an electric shock starting from 15 volts. For every wrong answer, the shock level would increase by 15 volts 15, 30, 45… you do the math.
The learner actually gave a predetermined set of answers with about three wrong answers for every right answer. At volts, the learner would start hitting the wall and shouting. He stopped answering questions. Here, the participant usually looked at the experimenter for guidance.
They were told to interpret no answer as a wrong answer, meaning that the learner would have to be shocked again. The experiment was filmed and observers watched through a one-way mirror.
After the experiment, the participants were debriefed and an open-ended questionnaire was given. Some psychometric tests were taken to make sure there was no emotional harm.Start studying Milgram () - Behavioural study of obedience.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Milgram, Stanley (). Behavioural Study of Obedience. Background.
C.P. Snow () noted that ‘when you think of the long and gloomy history of man, you will find more hideous crimes have been committed in the name of obedience than have ever been committed in the name of rebellion.
The study of obedience is an important topic in the psychology of social influence. Social influence is the area of social psychology that studies the ways in which people alter the thoughts, feelings, and behavior of other people.
BEHAVIORAL STUDY OF OBEDIENCE1 STANLEY MILGRAM 2 Yale University This article describes a procedure for the study of destructive obedience in the laboratory.
It consists of ordering a naive S to administer increasingly more severe punishment to a victim in the context of a learning experiment. Dec 12, · Why should you question authority? The answer lies within this ground breaking social psychology experiment by Stanley Milgram regarding human behavior and .
“Behavioral Study of Obedience” Stanley Milgram Shashi Bhatt “Behavioral Study of Obedience” Stanley Milgram The Milgram’s experiment on Obedience to authority figure was a series of experiment in social psychology conducted by Stanley Milgram.