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In San Francisco, Flora worked as a music teacher and spiritualistclaiming to channel the spirit of a Sauk chief, Black Hawk. Whether Wellman and Chaney were legally married is unknown.
Most San Francisco civil records were destroyed by the extensive fires that followed the earthquake ; nobody knows what name appeared on her son's birth certificate. Stasz notes that in his memoirs, Chaney refers to London's mother Flora Wellman as having been his "wife"; he also cites an advertisement in which Flora called herself "Florence Wellman Chaney".
When she refused, he disclaimed responsibility for the child. In desperation, she shot herself. She was not seriously wounded, but she was temporarily deranged.
After giving birth, Flora turned the baby over for care to Virginia Prentiss, an African-American woman and former slave. She was a major maternal figure throughout London's life.
Late inFlora Wellman married John London, a partially disabled Civil War veteran, and brought her baby John, later known as Jack, to live with the newly married couple. The family moved around the San Francisco Bay Area before settling in Oaklandwhere London completed public grade school.
Inwhen he was 21 and a student at the University of California, BerkeleyLondon searched for and read the newspaper accounts of his mother's suicide attempt and the name of his biological father.
He wrote to William Chaney, then living in Chicago. Chaney responded that he could not be London's father because he was impotent; he casually asserted that London's mother had relations with other men and averred that she had slandered him when she said he insisted on an abortion.
Chaney concluded by saying that he was more to be pitied than London. The house burned down in the fire after the San Francisco earthquake ; the California Historical Society placed a plaque at the site in Although the family was working class, it was not as impoverished as London's later accounts claimed[ citation needed ].
London was largely self-educated[ citation needed ]. InLondon found and read Ouida 's long Victorian novel Signa.
Poetry. Adams, Kate, Bright Boat, 69; Adamshick, Carl, Everything That Happens Can Be Called Aging, 91; Adamshick, Carl, Tender, 91; Adamson, Christopher, J. Sean O'Brien and Don Paterson. Train songs. London: Faber & Faber. There is a short, but bitter sweet introduction, but no biographical details of the poets, some of . Article Author Volume Issue Key words Names appearing in the article; Evolution + Development of a Local Technical Society. WM Larke CBE: 1: iron, Wolverhampton, association.
She later became California's first poet laureate and an important figure in the San Francisco literary community. Seeking a way out, he borrowed money from his foster mother Virginia Prentiss, bought the sloop Razzle-Dazzle from an oyster pirate named French Frank, and became an oyster pirate himself.
London hired on as a member of the California Fish Patrol. Inhe signed on to the sealing schooner Sophie Sutherland, bound for the coast of Japan. When he returned, the country was in the grip of the panic of '93 and Oakland was swept by labor unrest. After grueling jobs in a jute mill and a street-railway power plant, London joined Coxey's Army and began his career as a tramp.
In The Road, he wrote: Man-handling was merely one of the very minor unprintable horrors of the Erie County Pen. I say 'unprintable'; and in justice I must also say undescribable.
They were unthinkable to me until I saw them, and I was no spring chicken in the ways of the world and the awful abysses of human degradation.
It would take a deep plummet to reach bottom in the Erie County Pen, and I do but skim lightly and facetiously the surface of things as I there saw them. After many experiences as a hobo and a sailor, he returned to Oakland and attended Oakland High School. He contributed a number of articles to the high school's magazine, The Aegis.
His first published work was "Typhoon off the Coast of Japan", an account of his sailing experiences. At 17, he confessed to the bar's owner, John Heinold, his desire to attend university and pursue a career as a writer.
Heinold lent London tuition money to attend college. London desperately wanted to attend the University of California, Berkeley. Inafter a summer of intense studying to pass certification exams, he was admitted.
Financial circumstances forced him to leave in and he never graduated. No evidence suggests that London wrote for student publications while studying at Berkeley. In his autobiographical novel, John BarleycornLondon mentioned the pub's likeness seventeen times.
Heinold's was the place where London met Alexander McLean, a captain known for his cruelty at sea. This was the setting for some of his first successful stories. London's time in the harsh Klondikehowever, was detrimental to his health.
Like so many other men who were malnourished in the goldfields, London developed scurvy.
His gums became swollen, leading to the loss of his four front teeth.Anthologies of railway writing and poetry Steamindex homepage. Christmas thoughts (Kevin): one of his four dear daughters gave him yet another anthology and this has (1) shown that this webpage has serious deficiencies (mea culpa, mea maxima culpa) which need to be corrected before it is too late and (2) inspired thoughts of yet another poem (built atround the names of the LNER Pacifics.
Archives and past articles from the Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia Daily News, and rutadeltambor.com Reviews, essays, books and the arts: the leading international weekly for literary culture.
Reviews, essays, books and the arts: the leading international weekly for literary culture. John McFerrin reviews one of the finer bands of the classic rock era, The Moody Blues.
Poetry. Adams, Kate, Bright Boat, 69; Adamshick, Carl, Everything That Happens Can Be Called Aging, 91; Adamshick, Carl, Tender, 91; Adamson, Christopher, J.