Overview[ edit ] In practice, freight forwarders have become important MTOs; they have moved away from their traditional role as agents for the sender, accepting a greater liability as carriers.
Here, we will discuss what they mean and what they represent in day to day shipping and freight environment. Intermodal — is the movement of cargo from origin to destination by several modes of transport where each of these modes have a different transport provider or entity responsible, each with its own independent contract.
Multimodal — is the movement of cargo from origin to destination by several modes of transport where each of these modes have a different transport provider or entity responsible, but under a single contract. A Single carrier contracted to fulfill a single journey.
Simply put, the key functions of both terminologies are the same, but the differentiation lies in the contract and responsibility of the movement.
Cargo moving from Leicester in UK to Pretoria in South Africa — Cargo is packed in Leicester and moved by truck to the port of Felixstowe by a transport service provider could also be termed as an Intermodal service provider under the employ of the shipper.
From Felixstowe, the carrier takes responsibility of the movement of the cargo to the discharge port in South Africa — say Durban. The rail and road service may be provided by the same transport service provider or could be done by two different service providers.
In this case, the carrier issues a Port to Port Bill of lading, and the whole operation is called an Intermodal Operation as it involves several contracts: Cargo moving from Leicester in UK to Pretoria in South Africa — Cargo is packed in Leicester and moved by truck to the port of Felixstowe by a transport service provider could also be termed as an Intermodal service provider under the employ of the carrier.
Cargo moves from Felixstowe to the discharge port in South Africa — say Durban. Here, neither the seller nor the buyer are arranging any contracts other than their contract of carriage with the carrier. In this case, the carrier issues a Combined Transport Bill of Lading or a Multimodal Bill of Lading, and the whole operation is called a Multimodal Operation and it involves a single contract: However, here the carrier enters into direct contract with their service providers.
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UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE ON TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT Geneva I. United Nations Conference on a Convention on International Multimodal Transport. The General Assembly is the main deliberative, policymaking and representative organ of the United Nations. Forwarding & Logistic activities, 24/7 Connecting the Black Sea with the Atlantic through the heart of Europe.
Forwarding & Logistic activities, 24/7 within Europe – Danube River and Black Sea countries plus all related operations (crainage, customs clearance, warehousing, multimodal transport.
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B/L issued for containerized door-to-door shipments that have to use different ships and/or different means of transportation (aircraft, railcars, ships, trucks, etc.) from origin to destination.
Unlike in case of a through bill of lading, the principal carrier or the freight forwarder (who issued the multimodal B/L) takes on full liability under a contract of carriage for the entire journey.