As ofthe European Coal and Steel Community begins to unite European countries economically and politically in order to secure lasting peace.
How the EU began The European Union grew out of a desire for peace in a war-torn and divided continent. Five years after World War II ended, France and Germany came up with a plan to ensure their two countries would never go to war against each other again.
The result was a deal signed by six nations to pool their coal and steel resources in The UK was one of three new members to join in the first wave of expansion in Today the EU has 28 member states with a total population of more than million.
Which countries belong to the EU? The EU has grown steadily from its six founding members to 28 countries.
Britain, Ireland and Denmark joined in the first wave of expansion infollowed by Greece in and Portugal and Spain five years later. The biggest enlargement came in when 10 new member countries joined.
Romania and Bulgaria joined in and Croatia was latest to sign up in How does the EU work?
Watch the video to find out how they fit together and what they do. Content currently unavailable 4.
What does it all cost? Each country receives money back from the EU to support development and other projects. The UK also gets a rebate, or money back, on its contribution, because much of the budget is spent on agricultural subsidies and the UK does not gain nearly as much as other countries like France.
After all repayments were taken into account inBritain contributed about Germany paid the largest share, How does the EU spend its money?
The EEC started out as a trading bloc - with free movement of goods and services within the Common Market - now its interests include reducing regional inequalities, preserving the environment, promoting human rights and investing in education and research. The EU is Britain's biggest trading partner.
British citizens are free to work in any EU country and EU funding is spent on supporting farmers, boosting jobs in the UK, redeveloping rundown areas, and grants for university research. The EU has contributed to cheaper travel by challenging monopolies and boosting competition.
It has reduced the cost of mobile data roaming and set water quality standards in Europe. But giving subsidies to farmers led to over-supply of some crops and so the EU was forced to rethink its agriculture policy.
Critics say the EU has taken too much power from the UK government, its regulations are costly to the British economy and without them, Britain would be able to sign other trade deals with growing economies like China and India.
Why is there a referendum? There have been growing calls for a vote on whether to stay or leave the union, as it has grown and become more powerful. In the past, the UK has chosen to opt out of some key EU decisions, like the single currency or euro and the Schengen Treaty, which relaxed border controls.
Prime Minister David Cameron wants Britain to stay in the EU, if certain changes are made to the rules - including lower benefits paid to migrants and greater protection for states not in the eurozone. Critics believe Britain is being held back by the EU, gets little in return for the money it pays in and would be better taking back control of its borders.In other word, why was the European Union formed?
european-union. formation. politics. economy. 2 Answers +28 votes. answered Apr 5, by Felicia (1, points) Why was The European Union formed? To cut it short, economic reasons formed the backbone for the creation of the European Union.
The Euro is created to be a rival currency to the. The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. six nations decided to go further and created the European Coal and Steel Community, which was declared to be "a first step in .
On January 1, , the European Union introduced its new currency, the euro. Learn more about its history. The European Union (EU) was created by the Maastricht Treaty on Nov. 1, It's a political and economic union between European countries that sets policies concerning the members’ economies, societies, laws, and, to some extent, security.
Apr 11, · Watch video · Why was the EU created? The EU was created in the wake of the Second World War in order to foster economic cooperation and to Author: Alice Foster. CLIOH-WORLD CLIOH-WORLD: Network of Universities supported by the European Commission (LLP-Erasmus) for the researching, teaching and learning of the history of the EU, including History of EU Integration, EU-Turkey dialogue, and linking to world history.